Panel Counts


Canada’s universal, publicly funded healthcare system—known as Medicare—is a source of national pride, and a model of universal health coverage. Access to health care based on need rather than ability to pay was the founding principle of the Canadian health-care system. The health-care system is less a true national system than a decentralised collection of provincial and territorial insurance plans covering a narrow basket of services, which are free at the point of care. Administration and service delivery are highly decentralised, although coverage is portable across the country. Achievement of the high aspirations of Medicare’s founders requires a enewal of the tripartite social contract between governments, health-care providers, and the public. Expansion of the publicly funded basket of services and coordinated effort to reduce variation in outcomes will hinge on more engaged roles for the federal government and the physician community than have existed in previous decades. Public engagement in system stewardship will also be crucial to achieve a high-quality system grounded in both evidence and the Canadian values of equity and solidarity.

Total expenditure on health as % of GDP: 10.7

WHO organizational ranking: 30

Specialty Universe % of Reach
Cardiology 1,200 83%
Dermatology 570 57%
Endocrinology/Diabetology 450 87%
Gastroenterology 780 82%
General Practitioner/Family Medicine 38,200 58%
Gynaecology/Obstetrics 2,100 70%
Hematology/HematologyOncology 430 59%
Infectious Disease 340 65%
Internal Medicine 2,800 80%
Nephrology 680 72%
Specialty Universe % of Reach
Neurology 970 77%
Oncology 600 61%
Ophthalmology 1,200 72%
Orthopedics 1,600 11%
Pediatrics 2,500 74%
Psychiatry 4,100 75%
Pulmonology/Respirology 670 16%
Rheumatology 430 93%
Surgery 1,800 63%
Urology 690 53%