Panel Counts

GERMANY

Germany has a universal multi-payer healthcare system paid for by a combination of statutory health insurance (Gesetzliche Krankenversicherung) officially called “sickness funds” (Krankenkassen) and private health insurance (Private Krankenversicherung). Health insurance is mandatory for all citizens and permanent residents of Germany. States own most university hospitals, while municipalities play a role in public health activities and own about half of all hospital beds. There is a principle of solidarity in which everyone covered by statutory insurance has an equal right to medical care and continued payment of wages when ill—regardless of their income and premium level. The German healthcare system is divided into three main areas: outpatient care, inpatient care (the hospital sector), and rehabilitation facilities. The institutions responsible for running the health care system include the associations and representatives of various providers and professions, health insurers, regulatory bodies, the Federal Ministry of Health, patient organizations and self-help groups.

Total expenditure on health as % of GDP: 11.30

WHO organizational ranking: 25

Specialty Universe % of Reach
Allergists/Immunologists 5,141 25%
Anesthesiologists 16,643 12%
Cardiologists 3,347 89%
Critical Care/Intensive Care 2,748 34%
Dermatologists 4,767 48%
Emergency Medicine N/A N/A
Endocrinologists/Diabetologists 379 83%
ENT 5,527 23%
Gastroenterologists 1,995 88%
General Surgeons 18,363 41%
General/Family Practitioners 81,651 16%
Geriatricians N/A N/A
Hematologists/Hematology-Oncologists 827 68%
Infectious Diseases 534 67%
Specialty Universe % of Reach
Internal Medicine (included w/ GPs) N/A
Nephrologists 1,200 48%
Neurologists 7,793 33%
Nurses 11,500 6%
OB/GYNs 15,234 21%
Oncologists 3,500 54%
Ophthalmologists 6,340 46%
Orthopaedists 7,600 55%
Pediatricians 10,341 25%
Pharmacists 20,000 21%
Psychiatrists 10,350 25%
Pulmonologists 453 40%
Radiologists 6,141 10%
Rheumatologists 622 68%
Urologists 4,883 35%